Overview

Performing aircraft design studies and optimization requires a flexible, user-friendly and extensible design environment to be able to design both conventional and unconventional aircraft configurations and to consider innovative technologies. Against this background, an aircraft design environment for conceptual design and the early phases of preliminary design is being developed at the Chair of Aircraft Design for use in research and education. It is based on the universal, object-oriented data model ADDAM (Aircraft Design Data Model), which can be used for transport aircraft as well as for UAVs. For the individual sub-areas of aircraft design, an extensible collection of already existing as well as specially developed approaches and procedures is connected to the data model by means of a standardized interface. A library of aircraft, wing profiles, engines and materials increases reusability and facilitates the rapid investigation of different concepts.

Holistic Concept Evaluation in Conceptual Aircraft Design

The evaluation of novel, conceptual aircraft designs on the basis of operational parameters is in many respects a central objective of early phases of aircraft conceptual design. With the methodologies utilized in the research areas Aircraft Design and Future Trends & Technologies, as well as those developed within the framework of this research area, a wide range of possibilities are available, whose combination allows a more holistic view of the operation of future aircraft. Here, the focus is set on promising technologies to significantly decrease the environmental footprint of aviation, such as hydrogen or battery-powered (hybrid) aircraft. Methods for calculating emissions and climate impact during operation as well as complete life cycle analyses for ecological assessment and methods for determining direct operating costs for the economic analysis of these aircraft are being (further) developed at the Institute of Aircraft Design and in the first place applied at single aircraft level or on exemplary missions. To this end, special emphasis is paid to the comparison with existing or advanced conventional technologies, for which, in addition to the consideration of individual missions, the overall fleet view becomes central. In this way, the effects of new technologies on the fleet structure are estimated in dependence of entry-into-service dates and production capacities. Within the scope of a technology impact assessment, air traffic emissions are calculated for specific scenarios and placed in relation to each other. Effects of new technologies on the climate impact of aviation can thus be quantified on a global scale according to the technology’s fleet uptake. This holistic concept evaluation permits, among others, conclusions to be drawn about influential aircraft parameters as well as the significance of production capacities for achieving given climate targets.

Publications related to ADEBO

2022

  • Klaproth, Tim; Hornung, Mirko: SUCCESSIVE KNOWLEDGE BUILDUP AND TRANSFER DURING THE ANALYSIS OF SCALED UAV WINGS BY MEANS OF MACHINE LEARNING. ICAS 2022, International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, 2022 more…
  • Klaproth, Tim; Bäuerle, Hannes; Hornung, Mirko: Multi-Fidelity Aerodynamic Modeling in a Mission-Based Conceptual UAV Design Process. AIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2022 more…
  • Klaproth, Tim; Hornung, Mirko: Off-Design Mission Performance Prediction for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Based on Machine Learning. 2022 IEEE Aerospace Conference (AERO), 2022 more…
  • Klaproth, Tim; Hornung, Mirko: Impact of Design Parameters on UAV Mission Performance: How Relationships Change throughout a Given Design Space. AIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2022 more…
  • Kossarev, Kristina; Scholz, Anna E.; Egerer, Patrick; Hornung, Mirko: Comparison of Environmental Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methods for Future Aircraft Designs. AIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2022 more…
  • Kossarev, Kristina; Scholz, Anna Elena; Hornung, Mirko: Comparative environmental life cycle assessment and operating cost analysis of long-range hydrogen and biofuel fueled transport aircraft. CEAS Aeronautical Journal, 2022 more…
  • Michelmann, Johannes; Gruber, Benedict; Stroh, Florian; Hornung, Mirko: Evolutionary Fleet Development Considering Airport Capacity Limitations and their Mitigation. AIAA Aviation Forum 2022, 2022Chicago, USA more…
  • Scholz, Anna E.; Michelmann, Johannes; Hornung, Mirko: Fuel Cell Hybrid-Electric Aircraft: Design, Operational, and Environmental Impact. AIAA SCITECH 2022 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2022 more…

2021

  • Anna Elena Scholz, Johannes Michelmann, Mirko Hornung: Design, Operational and Environmental Assessment of a Hybrid-Electric Aircraft. AIAA Scitech 2021 Forum, 2021 more…
  • Hasenau, M.A.C.; Varga, S.A.; Scholz, A.E.; Hornung, M.: Enhancement of an Aircraft Design Environment for the Design of Fighter Aircraft. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt - Lilienthal-Oberth e.V., 2021 more…
  • Klaproth, Tim; Hornung, Mirko: Investigation of Mission Performance Sensitivities for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Based on Parametric Similarity Assessment of Mission Requirements. AIAA AVIATION 2021 FORUM , American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics , 2021 more…
  • Kossarev, Kristina; Scholz, Anna Elena; Hornung, Mirko: Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment and Operating Cost Analysis of Long-Range Hydrogen and Biofuel Transport Aircraft. Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress 2021, 2021 more…
  • Michelmann, Johannes; Steinweg, Dominik; Paul, Annika; Habersetzer, Antoine; Hornung, Mirko: Impact of a New Long-Range Aircraft Concept Considering Aircraft Sharing on Airline Fleet Scheduling. AIAA Science and Technology Forum 2021, 2021 more…
  • Scholz, Anna Elena; Trifonov, Dimitar; Hornung, Mirko: Environmental life cycle assessment and operating cost analysis of a conceptual battery hybrid-electric transport aircraft. CEAS Aeronautical Journal, 2021 more…